Broken heart syndrome markers could help identify those at risk

Scientists have identified two key molecules which play a role in the development of Takotsubo syndrome, known as broken heart syndrome. Researchers from Imperial College London found that increased levels of two small molecules that regulate how genes are decoded, called microRNAs, increase the chance of suffering from Takotsubo syndrome....

Microscopy deep learning predicts viral infections

When viruses infect a cell, changes in the cell nucleus occur, and these can be observed through fluorescence microscopy. Using fluoresence images made in live cells, researchers at the University of Zurich have trained an artificial neural network to reliably recognize cells that are infected by adenoviruses or herpes viruses....

Molecule layer aids chemoselective hydrogenation on solid palladium catalysts

Chemical reactions don't always go to plan. Unwanted by-products lead to extra costs and waste resources. Selective catalysts can help, but chemists have to test out large numbers before they find the right fit. Researchers have now investigated, on an atomic level, how to obtain a palladium catalyst for the...

Stronger together: How protein filaments interact

Just as the skeleton and muscles move the human body and hold its shape, all the cells of the body are stabilized and moved by a cellular skeleton. Unlike the vertebrate skeleton, this cellular skeleton is a very dynamic structure, constantly changing and renewing itself. It consists of different types...

Astronomers inspect the formation of millisecond pulsar PSR J1946+3417

A team of Chinese astronomers has conducted a study aimed at inspecting formation scenarios for the millisecond pulsar PSR J1946+3417. They found that the pulsar was most likely formed as a result of a phase transition. The research was published June 10 on the arXiv pre-print server. Pulsars are highly...

Using satellite data to warn people about volcanic eruptions

A team of researchers from the University of Manchester, Wairakei Research Center and National Isotope Center, GNS Science, has found that it is possible to use satellite data to detect the early stages of a volcanic eruption. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group describes their...

Imaging at the tip of a needle

A team of physicists, led by Dr. David Phillips from the University of Exeter, have pioneered a new way in which to control light that has been scrambled by passage through a single hair-thin strand of optical fiber. These ultra-thin fibers hold much promise for the next generation of medical...

Researchers develop new software for designing sustainable cities

New technology could help cities around the world improve people's lives while saving billions of dollars. The free, open-source software developed by the Stanford Natural Capital Project creates maps to visualize the links between nature and human wellbeing. City planners and developers can use the software to visualize where investments...